'Criticism is the only thing that stands between the audience and advertising.' - Pauline Kael


Dr David Archibald, University Of Glasgow
Film International, Financial Times, Cineaste

Liza Bear,
Bomb Magazine

Dan Bessie
Filmmaker and Culture Critic

Prof. Dennis Broe
Jump Cut, NY Newsday, Boston Phoenix

Dianne Brooks
The Film Files,

Lisa Collins

Benjamin Dickenson
Bright Lights Film Journal, UK

David Ehrenstein
Quarterly Review of Film and Video

Miguel Gardel
Proletaria Press

Michael Haas
Culture critic

Laura Hadden
Pacifica Radio

Gerald Horne
University Of Houston

Reynold Humphries
British Film Historian

Sikivu Hutchinson, KPFK Radio

Jan Lisa Huttner, Films For Two

Cindy Lucia
Cineaste Magazine

Pat McGilligan
Film Historian

Prairie Miller
WBAI/Pacifica National Radio Network

Logan Nakyanzi
Go Left TV, Huffington Post

Gerald Peary
Boston Phoenix

Steve Presence
Radical Film Network, UK

Louis Proyect

Sandy Sanders

Nancy Schiesari,
BBC, Channel 4,
Univ. of Texas, Austin

Rebecca Schiller
Culture Critic

David Spaner, Hollywood Inc.

Luis Reyes
, Arsenal Pulp Press

Christopher Trumbo
RIP, January 8, 2011

Dave Wagner
Mother Jones, Film International

Linda Z
LFC Film Club

Noah Zweig

Paul Robeson With Oakland, Ca. Shipyard Workers, 1942

Black August

So in order to best cover all bases, progressive film critics tend to consider three categories of assessment, rather than two: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly. The first two are self-explanatory. And the third category is reserved for movies that may have been impressively put together, but there's just something offensively anti-humanistic about them.

Stay tuned......

The Organizer

Monday, April 25, 2016

Broe On The Global Literary Beat: The Cultural Politics Of The Noir Novel

By Dennis Broe

The Cultural Politics of the Noir Novel: Truthtelling vs. Bookselling

The Noir Novel, though perhaps originating in the US, is today a global phenomenon which has, like the form it preceded, rap music, a history of truth telling, of unfolding and revealing dark secrets, and of giving voice and subjectivity to those under-represented in the mainstream media and the neo-liberal global order. Thus, the noir novel in France, called the polar (a condensation of roman policier), the novel of detection, in its newest manifestation, which the French term “rural noir,” describes the 60% of the countryside that is marginalized and living outside the urban corporate order. The gialli in Italy recounts the state-mafia collaboration that continues to impoverish the people of Southern Italy while Scandinavian and particularly Icelandic Noir chronicled the years of the economic boom and bubble. In addition, Noir novels, in Iceland’s forced reinvention of itself after the financial crisis, have become one of the leading cottage industries in a country where as one translator recounted it “we kicked out all the bankers and only the writers are left.” But the genre is also a money making machine and there is an impulse to turn it from being a voice of resistance to being a globally reductive imprint of the West on the rest of the world, since we now have for example South African noir with Johannesburg remade as LA, or a rigid, utterly formulaic form, with the new Millenium novel written after its author Stig Larson’s death quickly being appropriated not by the Swedish cinema but by Hollywood’s Sony/Columbia, or, finally, a genre that simply nourishes anger,  resentment or commodified “kinky” sex as in the new “hot” literary form “grip lit,” and its lead authoress Lisa Hilton whose Maestra aims to be 50 Shades of Black.


All these tendencies were on display in the French city of Lyon last weekend for the annual Quais du Polar, a global or at least Euro-American conference of noir writers which in its 12th edition is one of the largest such gatherings in the world. The naked truth telling aspects of this genre are exemplary since, unlike science fiction cousin, it does not have to couch itself in the future to describe the horrific global effects and behind-the-scenes maneuvers of corporate capital allied with the state. In Italy, after the mafia assassination of the judges Falcone and Borsellino in the early 1990s, large elements of the press stopped covering the organized crime story. The privileged location for discussion of the way the state and the crime families were acting in collusion was the noir novel which has even featured the resurgence of the judges, not in life but on the fictional page. Giancarlo De Cataldo, interviewed by France Culture for the conference, is himself a magistrate whose Season of Massacres details the linking of rightwing intelligence forces, the state and the mafia in the wake of the Falcone-Borsellino killings and subsequent mafia bombings to negotiate a state-mafia pact that brought Berlusconi to power. Likewise, Mimmo Gangemi, a journalist and engineer from Calabria in Southern Italy in The Revenge of the Little Judge details the coming to conscience of a corrupt magistrate who attempts to settle scores with the Ndrangheta, the Calabrian mafia--said to be now the most powerful criminal organization in the world--for killing a fellow judge. At the conference Gangemi talked about the need to make the legal system once again a reliable ally of the people of the South in their battle against this endemic corruption now spread globally, claiming that his books, once they are written, belong not to him as an author but to the people of Calabria in their struggle.

Swiss author Sebastien Meier’s The Name of the Father involves a once jailed ex-inspector of the police on the trial of money laundering, tax evasion and prostitution as they are practiced in the white collar corridors of Swiss banking power in its party capital Lausanne. Meier talked about the need in the wake of growing income disparity to create plots that involved this kind of high-level manipulation and it must be noted there is another author now also writing in French, Dominique Manotti, who is also an economic historian, whose books deal with economic corruption including the current Black Gold which details how the Marseille mafia moved into oil distribution. Finally, Nigeria’s Leye Adenle in Easy Motion Tourist, details through his female lead character a gutsy protector of working girls, Amaka--in French the book has the much better title Lagos Lady--both the sprawling beauty of Lagos and the greed which animates its corrupt ruling class who in one scene flaunt their wealth by throwing 100 dollar bills during a wedding party.

The global battle of the festival matched Scandinavian and American crime fiction. From the US Richie Price, who wrote Clockers, the Scorsese film The Color of Money and a number of episodes of The Wire was here with Whites, which deals with working class cops in the Bronx, a subgroup that is currently and rightfully under sustained criticism. James Grady, who wrote the original Six Days of the Condor which became the Redford film 3 Days and who currently has a Condor sequel, Last Days of the Condor was somewhat at pains to slightly challenge while at the same time defending and identifying himself with the contemporary American security state. While William Boyle whose Gravesend, which features an actress returning to the mean streets of Brooklyn, was chosen as the 1000th title of the French series Rivage Noir which began with Boyle’s literary hero Jim Thompson’s Recoil. Thompson is loved by the French and recognized as an original voice of criticism during the years of McCarthyite repression in the 1950s. Best of all though was Wyoming’s Craig Johnson, who appeared in Lyon in Stetson and greeted the audience with a big Western “Hi.” Johnson’s Longmire, a TV series as well which has switched to Netflix for its fourth season, is a defender of the downtrodden in the least populated state in the union and is through his Native American friend sensitive to the plight of the Cheyenne in his county. For my mind, Johnson’s character, along with characters by James Crumley and James Lee Burke, is the writer in the contemporary scene who best carries on the Hammett-Chandler-Ross MacDonald literary tradition of the quick-witted morally grounded detective in a sea of corruption.     

The Americans at Lyon were matched by their Scandinavian cousins and two big hits of the festival were Norway’s Jo Nesbo and Iceland’s Arnadur Indridason, both with best-selling detective series. Nesbo’s Harry Hole is, as his author explained, a divided figure, as is Nesbo himself whose father fought with the Nazis against Russia in the Eastern Front claiming he was a patriot and whose mother as a child was used to run missions for the Norwegian Resistance. Nesbo’s television series Occupied, in a way that is highly politically confused, explores the World War II Nazi Occupation in a contemporary setting by proposing a supposed Russian occupation of Norway, aided by the EU and the US, in an attempt to force Norway to continue to exploit its oil after the prime minister for ecological reasons has refused. (All this is of course news to the Russians who pointed out that it was they who had not invaded but rather liberated Norway during the Second World War.) Iceland’s Indridason’s current book Operation Napoleon is not a tale of his series character Inspector Erlandur but rather the story of 1944 plane crash that carried both US and Nazi officials and the supposed plot they were hatching for Iceland. Indeed the US essentially occupied Iceland with bases after the war and Indridason explained that he was among those who instead wanted Iceland to remain neutral.

The French, not to be outdone in an area in which they excel though find difficult to export, were represented at the conference with their latest form of roman noir which they have dubbed “rural noir,” a recounting of these now increasingly more desolate areas of the country, outside the media and neo-liberal bubble and decimated by outsourcing and wholescale moving of industry. Nicolas Mathieu’s current novel, Animals of War, is a detailing of the stories of what he calls the “lost areas of the country” in a way that is neither bucolic nor simply about regional color. Benoit Minville, the author who coined the term “rural noir” summed up perhaps the purpose of this new strain of noir and of noir fiction in general: “(Perhaps) you cannot change the world but our goal (as authors) is that nothing remain hidden.”

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